Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics.
Einstein’s work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
Born: March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany
Died: April 18, 1955, Princeton, NJ
Education: University of Zurich (1905), More
Spouse: Elsa Einstein (m. 1919–1936), Mileva Marić (m. 1903–1919)
Children: Eduard Einstein, Lieserl Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein
Awards: Barnard Medal for Meritorious Service to Science
Albert Einstein developed the first of his groundbreaking theories while working as a clerk in the Swiss patent office in Bern.
After making his name with four scientific articles published in 1905, he went on to win worldwide fame for his general theory of relativity and a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his explanation of the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect.
An outspoken pacifist who was publicly identified with the Zionist movement, Einstein emigrated from Germany to the United States when the Nazis took power before World War II. He lived and worked in Princeton, New Jersey, for the remainder of his life.
Did you know?
Almost immediately after Albert Einstein learned of the atomic bomb’s use in Japan, he became an advocate for nuclear disarmament.
He formed the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists and backed Manhattan Project scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer in his opposition to the hydrogen bomb.
“Although I am a typical loner in my daily life, my awareness of belonging to the invisible community of those who strive for truth, beauty, and justice has prevented me from feelings of isolation.” ― Albert Einstein
“Anyone who doesn’t take truth seriously in small matters cannot be trusted in large ones either.” ― Albert Einstein
“Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.” ― Albert Einstein
“Racism is a disease of white people” ― Albert Einstein
“The most aggravating thing about the younger generation is that I no longer belong to it.” ― Albert Einstein
“Never attribute to malice that which can be adequately explained by stupidity, but don’t rule out malice.” ― Albert Einstein